Find research, content videos, and other resources that support and inform our xaʔtu̓s (First Face) for Mental Health training.

Animated Life Stories


Below are animated life stories from our xaʔtu̓s (First Face) for Mental Health training showing how you can be the First Face in your community. 


Ask An Expert


Below you will find interviews with experts in addiction, trauma, and mental health to discuss current trends, ongoing work in the field, and their insight on these issues.

BASIS Articles and Editorials


The Brief Addiction Science Information Source (BASIS) is the Division on Addiction’s free weekly blog. We occasionally use this blog to promote research about addiction in Tribal communities and the work of Native American scholars.


How the Biological Vulnerability Myth Affected One Native Child. by Hannah Tomeo, a member member of the Colville Confederated Tribes and is also a descendant of the Yakima Nation and the Nez Perce Tribe, and is Samoan Pacific Islander, 11/08/2023.


 xaʔtu̓s (First Face) for Mental Health: The next step in our journey towards Tribal healing and liberation by Martina Whelshula, PhD, a member of the Arrow Lakes Nation of the Colville Confederated Tribes in Washington State, 12/14/2022.


National American Indian Heritage Month: Celebration of a proud history by Dr. Anne Helene Skinstad of the National American Indian and Alaska Native Addiction Technology Transfer Center and Dr. Dennis Norman of the Harvard University Native American Program, 11/7/2014.


The Work of Nations: Cultivating Wealth and Health in Indian Country by Katherine Spilde, Ph.D.  Dr. Spilde is an Associate Professor at San Diego State University and the Endowed Chair of the Sycuan Institute on Tribal Gaming, 11/14/2014.


The patient is not the diagnosis: Addiction understood from a liberation psychology perspective by Eduardo Duran, PhD, 11/21/2014.


Promoting Cultures of Recovery in Tribal Nations: NARCH by Martina Whelshula, Ph.D, 11/28/2014.


Tribal trajectories: Predicting substance use patterns among American Indian youthSTASH, Vol. 10(12), 11/5/2014.


Higher income, better outcomes? The impact of casino gambling on American Indian healthThe WAGER, Vol. 19(12), 11/12/2014.


Alcohol attributable deaths among Native and non-Native groupsThe DRAM, Vol. 10(12), 11/19/2014.


One size does not fit all: Geographic variability in Native American smoking and lung cancer deathsASHES, Vol. 10(12), 11/26/2014.



Gray, H.M, Beu Rae, M., Anderson, C., Nelson, S.E., LaPlante, D. A., Whelshula, M. M., & Bowman, M. (2023). Recommendations for optimizing xaʔtu̓s (First Face) for Mental Health training: Insights from key informants. American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research, 30(2), 22-54. doi: 10.5820/aian.3002.2023.22


Whelshula, M. M., LaPlante, D. A., Nelson, S. E., & Gray, H. M. (2021). Recommendations for improving adolescent addiction recovery support in six northwest tribal communities. Journal of Community Psychology, 49(7), 2922-2937.


Whelshula, M., Hill, M., Galaitsi, S. E., Trump, B., Mahoney, E., Mersky, A., Poinsatte-Jones, K., & Linkov, I. (2021). Native populations and the opioid crisis: forging a path to recovery. Environmental Systems Decisions, 41(3), 334-340. doi: 10.1007/s10669-021-09813-3


LaPlante, D. A., Whelshula, M., Gray, H. M., & Nelson, S. E. (2021). Understanding American Indian youth in residential recovery from substance use disorder: Risk and protective experiences and perceived recovery support. American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research, 28(1), 39–70.




Risk & Resilience among Native American Youth in the Pacific Northwest, by Debi LaPlante, Ph.D., Martina Whelshula, Ph.D., Sarah Nelson, Ph.D., & Matthew Tom, Ph.D.



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